Violence Against Women
Violence Against Women
Turkish Association of University Women has launched her project ”Prevention of Violence against Women” on 25th November on the day of INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR ELIMINATION OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN with 34 Women Associations and İstanbul BAR Association with a Press Conference.The same day TAUW wıth 21 Branches also gave start to the project in their own cities.
The Press release aims raising awareness and inviting all parties including the goverment,municipalities,judiciary etc to work hard for the elimination of this human rights abuse.
In Turkey, as in the rest of the world, it is primarily women and children who are most affected by domestic violence. A large number of women face domestic violence, which damage the family institution and consequently the social fabric.
Domestic violence scars individuals physically and psychologically. This, in turn, limits the opportunities for individuals to attain social, political, economic and legal equity. The damage caused by domestic violence destroys the self-esteem of its victims, and their spirit for human enterprise and values.
Violence against women is also a major health problem around the world. It often goes unnoticed and undocumented partly due to its taboo nature. A number of recent studies have explored the extent and patterns as well as the health consequence of violence in different cultures. The studies cited indicate that violence against women is widespread and an important cause of morbidity and mortality among women. Injuries due to violence have only recently been recognized as an important public health problem.
In January 1998 a new law, entitled “The Law to Protect the Family,” was approved by the Turkish parliament, which mandated the establishment of protection orders for women subjected to domestic violence. Under the new law, any member of a family subjected to domestic violence can file a court case for what is known as a “protection order” against the perpetrator of the violence. Violation of the protection order can be used as grounds for arrest and a jail sentence.
The practical importance of this law lies in the fact that it provides women with an easy-to-implement legal recourse to fight domestic violence.
Code Nr. 4320, the Articles of the “The Law to Protect the Family” are:
In case where either of the spouses, or any of the children, or any of the family members who reside in the shared home, notify that they have been subjected to domestic violence, or when the Chief Public Prosecutor notifies thereof, the Civil Court of Peace, considering the content of the matter, can of its own motion rule for one or several of the following measures, or similar measures as it deems appropriate.
The Spouse at fault:
a) Shall not engage in any behaviour that may intimidate or that may be inclined towards violence against the spouse, or the children, or the family members that reside in the shared home.
b) Shall be dismissed from the shared home. The shared home shall be appropriated for the other spouse and the children, and the spouse at fault shall be banned from approaching the shared home where the spouse and the children reside, and the workplace of the spouse.
c) Shall not damage the belongings of the other spouse, or the children, or the family members that reside in the shared home.
d) Shall not harass the other spouse, the children or the family members who reside in the shared home, through the use of communication devices.
e) Shall hand over any weapon or any device of like nature to the law enforcement authorities.
f) Shall not come into or near the shared home under the influence of alcohol or narcotics and shall not use any such substances within the confines of the shared home.
The period provided for the application of the above ruling shall not exceed six months. The spouse at fault shall be warned that non-compliance with the measures ruled in the decision shall result in arrest or punishment restricting personal liberty.
The judge shall rule for the alimony in consideration of the life standards of the aggrieved.